Will Smith Opens Up About His Relationship to Jada: ‘Our Marriage Wasn’t Working’

One year after Jada Pinkett Smith had her husband on Red Table Talk to discuss an “entanglement” she was involved in when they were separated, Will Smith is opening up about their marriage even more.

On September 27, GQ released its November cover interview with the rapper-turned-actor, titled, “Introducing the Real Will Smith.” The headline was apt, considering how candid the King Richard star got about his relationship with Jada. The Hollywood couple has been married since 1997 and share two children: 23-year-old Jaden and 20-year-old Willow

For starters, GQ writer Wesley Lowery was able to obtain a draft of Will’s upcoming memoir that discusses a period of time when his and Jada’s marriage “wasn’t working.” In the memoir, Will discloses a series of “sacrifices” Jada made on his behalf—from taking part in a traditional wedding she didn’t want to turning down the chance for her band, Wicked Wisdom, to open for Guns N’ Roses so Will could film The Pursuit of Happyness.

“This would be the first of many compromises Jada would make over the years that painfully negated her own values,” Will writes of the wedding, per GQ, years before he purchased a 256-acre compound his wife was also against. “Nothing good comes from spending your hard-earned money on a ‘family home’ that your wife doesn’t want. You are putting a down payment on discord and for years you will be paying off a mortgage of misery. Or, worse.”

Things came to a head in 2011, after Jada’s 40th birthday celebration led to a fight so awful. it left their daughter in tears, begging them to stop. “Our marriage wasn’t working,” Will writes. “We could no longer pretend. We were both miserable and clearly, something had to change.”

Eventually, Will and Jada were able to save their relationship through “trust and freedom.” And yes, as Lowery writes in the profile, “At some point, their relationship stopped being monogamous.”

“Jada never believed in conventional marriage… Jada had family members that had an unconventional relationship,” Will told GQ. “So she grew up in a way that was very different than how I grew up. There were significant endless discussions about, what is relational perfection? What is the perfect way to interact as a couple? And for the large part of our relationship, monogamy was what we chose, not thinking of monogamy as the only relational perfection.”

He continued, “We have given each other trust and freedom, with the belief that everybody has to find their own way. And marriage for us can’t be a prison. And I don’t suggest our road for anybody. I don’t suggest this road for anybody. But the experiences that the freedoms that we’ve given one another and the unconditional support, to me, is the highest definition of love.”


The Bachelorette Season 18: Meet Michelle Young’s Suitors

The suitors. ABC released their photos and bios on Monday, September 27. Here’s the full list:

Alec, 29, an engineer from North Charleston, SC

Brandon J., 26, a traveling nurse recruiter from Portland, OR

Brandon K., 29, a brand manager from Austin, TX

Bryan, 31, an NFL player from Chicago, IL

Casey, 36, an advertising creative director from Miami Beach, FL

Chris G., 28, a motivational speaker from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Chris S., 28, a commodities broker from West Hollywood, CA

Clayton, 28, a medical sales rep from Columbia, MO

Daniel, 26, a firefighter from Austin, TX

Edward, 27, a wellness coach from Los Angeles, CA

Garrett, 33, a tech CEO from Salt Lake City, UT

Jack, 30, a former Army officer from Philadelphia, PA

Jamie, 32, a biotech CEO from San Diego, CA

Joe, 28, a real estate developer from Minneapolis, MN

JoMarri, 26, a personal trainer from Fresno, CA

Leroy, 27, a biomedical Ph.D. student from Dallas, TX

LT, 38, a yoga guru from Bellevue, WA

Martin, 29, a personal trainer from Miami, FL

Mollique, 36, an academic administrator from San Diego, CA

Nayte, 27, a sales executive from Austin, TX

Olu, 27, an IT analyst from Newark, NJ

Pardeep, 30, a neuroscientist from Brooklyn, NY

Peter, 26, a pizzapreneur from Port St. Joe, FL

PJ, 30, a firefighter from Houston, TX

Rick, 32, a medical sales rep from Los Angeles, CA

Rodney, 29, a sales rep from Rancho Cucamonga, CA

Romeo, 32, a mathematician from New York City, NY

Ryan, 30, an environmental consultant from San Jose, CA

Spencer, 25, a financial crimes analyst from Cleveland, OH

Will, 28, an academic interventionist from Grand Rapids, MI

This post will be updated as more information is revealed.

Sex/Life Season 2 Is Officially in the Works at Netflix

Of course, if you’re already invested in this love triangle—according to Netflix, 67 million households streamed the series in its first four weeks—here’s everything we know about season two.

Creator and showrunner Stacy Rukeyser is helming the series once again.Sex/Life is a dream come true. To create a show about empowered female sexuality that has entranced so many millions of viewers is not only immensely fun but also incredibly gratifying,” Rukeyser said in a Netflix press release. “When I think about all the women who have reached out from all over the world to say that the show speaks to them in a deeply personal way, I am so inspired.  I’m thrilled and grateful for the opportunity to continue telling this story for Billie, and for all of us.”

Who is coming back? It’s pretty safe to say Shahi will be reprising her role as Billie, along with Vogel, who plays Cooper. At the end of season one, Billie chose to stay with her husband instead of starting a new life with her ex-lover Brad, but that doesn’t necessarily mean we’ve seen the last of Demos. 

When will Sex/Life return? No news on that yet, I’m afraid. But keep checking back.

This post will be updated.


No, Cameron Diaz Is Not Attracted to Husband Benji Madden’s Identical Twin Brother

No, Cameron Diaz never had the hots for husband Benji Madden’s identical twin brother, Joel Madden, even though she met him first.

On September 27, Cameron Diaz appeared on the latest episode of Anna Faris Is Unqualified to gush about her husband of six years, heartbreak, and her new line of organic wine, Avaline. During their conversation, Diaz opened up about the first time she met Benji and how quickly she felt drawn to him.

Of course, Diaz didn’t blurt out that Joel is the ugly twin or anything like that. The topic started innocently enough when Diaz explained that she met Benji through her now brother-in-law and his wife, Nicole Richie. “I met them first, and then they didn’t set us up, but we were in the same room because of them, and then we found each other,” she explained, per People. “I was like, ‘How come I didn’t see him before?'” 

That’s when Faris’ other guest, Katherine Power, commented, “Which is funny because you saw his twin brother.” 

However, Diaz was quick to point out that to her, the pair couldn’t be more different. “They’re not the same, they’re so different. Even though they’re twins, they’re very, very different obviously,” she responded before continuing to describe their meet-cute. “I saw him walking towards me and I was like, ‘Huh, he’s hot, I haven’t seen him before.'” 

Diaz continued, “But then when I saw him, like who he was, that’s what made me really be like, ‘Oh you, you’re special, you’re the guy, you’re the hidden gem in my life.'”

Joel and Benji Madden, respectively.

FOX

Cameron Diaz and Benji Madden have been married since 2015 and share a one-year-old daughter, Raddix. Recently, Benji raved about his wife in a candid Instagram post in honor of Mother’s Day. 

“My Religion is family, and Mother is GOD,” he wrote on May 9. “@camerondiaz You care for us and nurture us. Everything around you grows and flourishes in your light. Our little one and me get to live our life being loved by you and we are grateful. We love you forever Mommy-thank you for all you do ❤️ Happy Mother’s Day ❤️🙏.” 


These Easy Cat Halloween Makeup Looks Are Next-Level

Halloween is basically around the corner, and if you’re still looking for costume ideas, why not consider a classic: cat Halloween makeup. 

There’s a reason the costume tops the charts year after year as one of the most popular Halloween makeup ideas. It’s simple on its own, but with so many variations to explore, you can easily turn this costume into a look that’s all your own. Even better, you likely already have most of the products needed to whip up some quick whiskers. We love a convenient transformation. 

From basic renditions to costumes more fitting for Instagram, we’ve rounded up our favorite cat Halloween makeup ideas and tutorials to try this year. Grab your black eyeliner and let’s get started. 

1. Classic Cat

Got 10 minutes to spare and some black liquid liner laying around? Great! You’ve got what you need for a classic black cat Halloween costume. There are plenty of variations on what you can do with your eye makeup—smoky eyes, cat eye liner—but it’s impossible to go wrong with black and gold as your palette. Add some black lipstick and a pair of cat ears and you’re done. 

Stila Stay All Day Waterproof Liquid Eyeliner

INC.redible Lid Slick Eye Pigment

$10

Sephora

CoverGirl Exhibitionist Lipstick Metallic

Merroyal Glitter Cat Ears Headband

2. Dreamy Cat

Soft lines and bold blush make for the dreamiest take on cat Halloween makeup you’ll ever see. A touch of white perfectly brightens up the look without being overpowering. Finish the look off with a pearl cat-ear headband to play up the prettiness.

Huda Beauty The New Nude Eyeshadow Palette

I audibly gasped when I saw the colors in this Huda Beauty eyeshadow palette. They’re deeply pigmented, with a rich—not childish—shimmer, and the reds and pinks look honest-to-God incredible on every skin tone. Give it to someone who appreciates a good smoky eye and you’ll be a hero. 

$65

Sephora

Maybelline SuperStay Matte Ink Liquid Lipstick

$7

Maybelline

Charlotte Tilbury Feline Flick Volume 2 Liquid Eyeliner

$30

Charlotte Tilbury

Attitude Studio Pearl Cat Ears Headband

3. Pretty in Pink

If you want to play with color but still want to keep the amount of work you have to put in minimal, try a color-blocked look with bright pink accents. Add a few spots on your eyelids—or leopard-print cat ears—for a cute and playful twist. 

Ofra Cosmetics Long Lasting Liquid Lipstick

NYX Epic Wear Semi Permanent Eye & Body Liquid Liner

$12

NYX Professional Makeup

Violet Voss Sakura Blossom Palette

$42

Violet Voss

Anna Belen Felina Leopard Print Cat Ears Headband

4. Lifelike Cat

With a face full of fur and electric green colored contacts, this cat costumes begs to be seen. Cop the look with some dramatic cat eye makeup, and use a soft pencil eyeliner to draw realistic hair-like strokes around your hair and jawlines. 

Laura Mercier Flawless Fusion Ultra-Longwear Foundation

$48

Sephora

Tarte Shape Tape Glow Wand

Lancome Grandiose Bendable Liquid Eyeliner

$32

Sephora

Lancôme Drama Liqui-Pencil Longwear Eyeliner

$23

Lancôme

5. Witchy Cat 

Spend a lot of time on WitchTok? This is the black cat costume for you. Red and black play so well together—particularly if you use colored hairspray for a two-toned look. We also love how the blogger here softened the contrast between the two shades with an equally flattering light pink blush and eyeshadow. 

Morphe x Jaclyn Hill Palette Volume 2

NYX Epic Wear Semi Permanent Eye & Body Liquid Liner

$12

NYX Professional Makeup

6. Sparkle Cat 

Who said cats can’t sparkle? Just look at those bejeweled eyes. Try pairing your favorite iridescent glitter with a sharp black wing and thick pair of false eyelashes.

Juvia’s Place I Am Magic Concealer

Juvia’s Place The Nubian Loose Highlighter

Anastasia Beverly Hills Soft Glam Eyeshadow Palette

$45

Sephora

Sephora Colorful Wink-It Felt Tip Liquid Eyeliner

$14

Sephora

7. Ethereal Cat

Blurred lipstick and fluffy lashes make for a delicate, fairytale cat look. The makeup here is cute enough to actually wear past Halloween.

Urban Decay Eyeshadow Primer Potion

$24

Sephora

Lancôme Cils Booster XL Vitamin Infused-Mascara Primer

If you’ve forever rolled your eyes at lash primer, let us insist you reconsider. Not only does it keep your favorite mascara from running and flaking, it makes your lashes look even fuller and thicker—especially Lancôme’s version.

$26.50

Sephora

8. Catwoman 

For a sexy twist on your classic cat makeup, channel one of the world’s most beloved villains. Since a cat mask does most of the heavy lifting here, you can skip the whiskers and invest all your time into a sharp cat eye and killer red lip. 

Rare Beauty Perfect Strokes Matte Liquid Liner

$19

Sephora

Kiss Lash Couture Naked Drama

Sephora Collection Cream Lip Stain Liquid Lipstick

$15

Sephora

Rubie’s Catwoman Mask

9. Wide Cat Eyes

Go literal with the phrase cat eye and overdraw your lower lash line to mimic the look of a bright-eyed kitten. This is one look where you’ll want to lay the white eyeliner or face paint on thick for maximum effect.

KVD Vegan Beauty Super Pomade Eyeliner

$20

KVD Vegan Beauty

Anastasia Beverly Hills Lash Brag Volumizing Mascara

$25

Sephora

10. Ombré Lip

There’s always room for an ombré lip, let this Halloween cat makeup idea remind you. Grab your juiciest red lipstick and black liner to create this show stopping combo.

Estée Lauder Double Wear Stay-in-Place Foundation

$43

Sephora

Mac Viva Glam 2 Lipstick

11. Technicolor Cat

Got a little extra time on your hand? This Halloween costume is like Lisa Frank come to life. Tap into a fantastical world where rainbow kittens have the perfect cut-crease and futuristic highlights.

Pat McGrath Labs Mattetrance Lipstick

$38

Pat McGrath Labs

Huda Beauty Mercury Retrograde Eyeshadow Palette

$67

Huda Beauty

12. Cheshire Cat

Disney stans, this one is for you. Make like the Cheshire cat from Alice in Wonderland with vibrant purple face paint and a huge, toothy grin.

NYX Brights Ultimate Shadow Palette

NYX Worth The Hype Colored Mascara

13. Mod Cat

Did you know cats could smize? Draw a thick lash line a little further down from your bottom lid to create a runway-ready feline—with chiseled cheekbones and all. 

IT Cosmetics Superhero No-Tug Gel Eyeliner

$22

IT Cosmetics

Urban Decay Eyeshadow Primer Potion

$24

Sephora

14. Glam Cat

If Insta makeup is your thing, you’ll have no problem pulling off this absurdly glamorous take on cat Halloween makeup. Pair cut crease glittery gold eyes with a matching two-tone lip and a ton of highlighter. 

HipDot All That Glitters Palette

Fenty Beauty Full Frontal Volume, Lift & Curl Mascara

$24

Sephora

15. Space Jungle

And if a regular cat is too basic for you? That’s where this look comes in. Grab your face paints (blue, white, and black should do the trick) and let Heidi Klum know that you’re ready and willing to graciously accept an invite to her Halloween party

Ucanbe Cruise Face and Body Paint Set

NYX Professional Makeup Slide On Eye Pencil

16. Smoky Eye Cat

If you’re going to skip the classic whiskers, focus on a heavy smoky eye to keep the spooky vibes going strong. A dot of color on the nose give the same effect as a full face, but is way less likely to smudge under a mask. 

Fenty Beauty Snap Shadows Mix & Match Eyeshadow Palette

$25

Sephora

Make Up For Ever Artist Color Pencil: Eye, Lip & Brow Pencil

$20

Make Up For Ever

17. Cheetah 

Do you consider leopard print a neutral? In that case, build on your classic black cat makeup with some eye-catching cheetah spots. A dark lip and swath of white liner complete the look.

KVD Vegan Beauty Tattoo Eyeliner

$21

KVD Vegan Beauty

Bobbi Brown Luxe Matte Lipstick

$38

Bobbi Brown

Michella Oré is an editorial assistant at Glamour. Follow her on Instagram @michellaor.

Netflix Reveals New Images from Bridgerton Season 2

You are cordially invited to look at the very first images from Bridgerton season two.

Netflix just revealed the first photos from the upcoming second season of the hit sexy period drama, sans Regé-Jean Page, who departed the series after one season.

Bridgerton season two went into production in spring 2021 but had to halt production in July following a COVID-19 outbreak on set. Bridgerton resumed filming in August, and showrunner Chris Van Dusen confirmed that at least a few episodes were already in post-production, which is promising. However, there still isn’t a premiere date. Given that we’re already seeing first looks, it’s probably coming in late 2021 or early 2022. The first season of Bridgerton dropped on Netflix in December 2020, so maybe it will come around the same time, but at this point early 2022 is more likely.

Like the books the series is based on, Bridgerton will focus on a different Birdgerton sibling each season. Season two will turn its attention to Anthony Bridgerton and his quest for love. 

“We’re very much passing on the baton to the lovely [Jonathan Bailey], who plays Anthony, and that will be the main storyline of season two and the story arc of season two,” said Phoebe Dynevor, who plays Daphne Bridgerton, per Us Weekly

While Dynevor will remain on the series unlike her costar Page, her role will be reduced from season one. “The show centers around the Bridgertons, and there are eight books,” she said. “And I think maybe the fans of the books were more aware of that happening than the fans of the show.”

Simone Ashley from Netflix’s Sex Education will play Kate, a love interest for Anthony.

Check out the latest from Lady Whistledown’s world, below: 

Jonathan Bailey as Anthony Bridgerton, Simone Ashley as Kate Sharma in episode 201 of Bridgerton

LIAM DANIEL/NETFLIX

Ruth Gemmell as Lady Violet Bridgerton, Claudia Jessie as Eloise Bridgerton, Jonathan Bailey as Anthony Bridgerton, and Luke Thomspon as Benedict Bridgerton in episode 201 of Bridgerton

LIAM DANIEL/NETFLIX

Simone Ashley as Kate Sharma, Adjoa Andoh as Lady Danbury, Shelley Conn as Mary Sharma, Charithra Chandran as Edwina Sharma in episode 201 of Bridgerton.

LIAM DANIEL/NETFLIX

These Cute Beanies and Winter Hats Will Make You Love the Cold

Of all the cold-weather accessories you could possibly invest in this fall, the best beanies and winter hats are non-negotiables. They come in a million colors, knits, and fits—and can effortlessly pull together an outfit while also keeping your ears and head warm when it’s bone-chillingly cold outside.  

In addition to fulfilling our need for maximum coziness, the great thing about beanies and winter hats is that you can find *so* many cute styles on the cheap—we’re talking $20 and under—meaning you can easily justify buying more than just one. Ribbed knits and wool blends tend to cost less than cashmere styles, but if you plan on being outside quite a bit this winter, more luxurious fabrics like merino wool and, yes, cashmere are definitely worth your coin. (Also, let’s not forget that few accessories have the power to turn a bad hair day into a good one quite like a campy dad hat.)

So whether you want a slouchy beanie, a knit cap, or a hat with a faux-fur pom-pom so massive it can be spotted from a mile away, you’re guaranteed to find something worthy of pulling on. Ahead, shop 18 of the best beanies and winter hats this season.

All products featured on Glamour are independently selected by our editors. However, when you buy something through our retail links, we may earn an affiliate commission.

Cush Jumbo From The Good Fight Says Producers Didn’t Accommodate Her After Having a Baby

Cush Jumbo, who plays Lucca Quinn on the Paramount+ drama The Good Fight, said that producers did not accommodate her after the birth of her child.

In an interview with The Financial Times, Jumbo opened up about her struggle with producers to get fairer hours after giving birth. The Good Fight, which also stars Christine Baranski (Mamma Mia!) and Rose Leslie (Game of Thrones) is a spin-off of the CBS series The Good Wife, which Jumbo’s character also appeared on from 2015-2016. Jumbo played Quinn for the first four seasons of The Good Fight and appeared as a guest star in season five. 

Cush Jumbo and Rose Leslie on The Good Fight

CBS Photo Archive

While filming the second season in 2018, Jumbo was pregnant. Jumbo told Financial Times that just two weeks before giving birth, she was filming scenes in high heels and that only four months after the birth of her child, she was due back on set. 

“I couldn’t get back in my costumes if I didn’t lose the weight, she said. “To lose the weight, I had to stop breastfeeding.” Because filming in New York often required 15-hour days, Jumbo said she barely saw her son awake. “I could go four or five days without seeing my four-month-old awake . . . It was really making me quite low,” she said.

To make more time for her son, Jumbo asked producers if she could shave her head and wear a wig, to save time in the morning that could be better spent with her baby. She had to arrive on set early to get her hair straightened and styled, and a wig could save an hour and a half.  But producers, Jumbo said, told her she couldn’t shave her head because her hair was too important to the character. 

“I was really pissed off that a show that was so female-led, [where] the story that we put out into the world was that we supported women, said no to me,” she said. 

Although her role as Lucca Quinn jump-started her television career, Jumbo never worried about getting fired for fighting back. “At that point. I. Didn’t. Care,” she said. “Ask any woman who has a six-month-old baby whether they start to care about the minutiae of stuff. When someone tells you you can’t see your baby, you will rip their throat out.”

When filming ended, Jumbo was “so enraged that I took a taxi home from the set to the barbers, and said, ‘Shave my head.’” A wig was made, and when Jumbo returned for the next season, she saw her son every morning.

Jumbo continued to play Lucca Quinn on The Good Fight for two more seasons in a main cast role, and appeared as a guest star in season five, which aired earlier this year.

Jennifer Lopez and Ben Affleck Are Turning New York City Into Their Own Rom-Com

When Jennifer Lopez and Ben Affleck show PDA around the globe, it is somehow not annoying. 

Since they’ve rekindled their passionate romance two decades in the making, we’ve seen Lopez and Affleck in Miami, Los Angeles,  St. Tropez, and Venice. Now, the basically-royal couple has been seen galavanting around New York City like they’re starring in an early 2000s romantic comedy together. 

Gotham/Getty Images

On September 25, Lopez performed some of her greatest hits at the Global Citizen Live Concert in Central Park, and  Affleck reportedly flew all the way from Los Angeles to NYC just to see her.

The couple took full advantage of their time in New York City together. Bennifer 2.0 was photographed around Manhattan on a beautiful fall day September 26 doing annoying couple stuff like holding hands, kissing, laughing, and hugging, except it’s not making us roll our eyes. What is happening?

Gotham/Getty Images

Ben Affleck and Jennifer Lopez were last seen in public a few weeks ago at the 2021 Met gala. Affleck did not walk the carpet with her. Instead, he let her have her own moment in her cowboy-chic Ralph Lauren look. Once inside, they kissed through their masks for the cameras, because they know how to give the people what they want. In a recent interview, Affleck gushed about Lopez for the first time since their relationship went public.

Gotham/Getty Images

“I am in awe of what Jennifer’s effect on the world is. At most, as an artist, I can make movies that move people. Jennifer has inspired a massive group of people to feel they have a seat at the table in this country. That is an effect few people throughout history have had, one I will never know and one I can only stand by and admire with respect,” he told AdWeek.

Gotham/Getty Images

These photos might as well be from their next movie together, which obviously has to be a romantic comedy. For their day out and about in Manhattan, Lopez wore an extremely main character energy outfit: a plaid teal wool coat with an almost-matching plaid maxi wrap dress and aviators. Affleck, the best boyfriend ever, stuck to a dark grey and blue monochromatic look, because how dare he outshine the main character in their imaginary romantic comedy. 

Gotham/Getty Images

How Much Work Are You Really Supposed To Do at Work?

If you work an office job, your life is likely run by eight-hour intervals set by a corporation: 9 to 5, 8 to 4, 10 to 6. Working from home, those hours tend to expand—scrolling emails at seven, sitting at a monitor for in between snippets of childcare and chores, more emails before bed. These hours dictate our sleep schedules. They determine when we have free time and how often we see our families. Breakfast, lunch, and dinner are slotted around time spent at work.  

But, while it’s true you’re at work during those eight hour figures, you probably aren’t sitting at your computer doing work the entire time. You might grab a coffee with coworkers, or take a personal phone call. And probably, you spend at least some of the time doing nothing but checking TikTok or browsing Zara. 

That’s not only reasonable, it’s innate. As humans, concentrating on work for every minute of an eight hour day is “impossible,” says Malissa Clark, a psychologist at the University of Georgia whose research focuses on employee wellbeing and workaholism. 

But how many hours should we actually work? What are other people doing?

In a 2016 UK survey, 1,989 full-time office workers reported working an average of 2 hours and 53 minutes per day. That’s just one survey. But there’s a lot of evidence that office work just isn’t as productive as we think. In 2006 Gloria Mark, a researcher at the University of California, Irvine, gathered data from phones and computers and found that the average time people spent working on a device at a time was two minutes and 11 seconds, shorter than some Tiktok videos. And in survey of 1,000 American office workers in 2018, 36% of millennial and Gen-Z employees estimated that they spend two hours a day distracted by their smartphones. 

No matter your intention, whether you’re working from a home office or next to your coworkers, it really is hard to work consistently at work. We’re being set up to fail, and to feel bad about it. There has to be a better way. 

Why do we work eight hours a day? 

If we know people can’t focus for that long, why insist that workers put in at least eight hours? “The length of the working day is not based on science, it’s based on struggle,” says Sarah Jaffe, author of Work Won’t Love You Back. Eight hours is not a figure that reflects how long a human can focus, or the amount needed to keep the economy running. It’s based, says Jaffe, “on the fact that factory workers used to work 14 hours, and then they struck and fought until they got it down to 10, and then they struck and fought until they got it down to eight.” 

In the 1800s, the eight hour day was radical. But why is it still being applied almost 200 years later? You know what’s changed—we have tools that allow almost every kind of production in almost every industry to be more efficient than it was. In the past, I would have spent hours in a library verifying the spelling of the last names in this article. Today, it took about 50 seconds.

The other problem with a 19th century work model is that it was designed for a time when most women were homemakers. “This 40 hour workweek was designed when we still had this breadwinner model in families where one person would be the worker and one person would stay home and take care of the family role,” says Clark. If you’ve ever struggled to work 40 hours a week and meal prep and clean and run errands and care for your child, this is why. 40 hours of work is a reasonable expectation for someone who has a full-time worker at home. 

How productive are we, even? 

Given new technology, maintaining long work weeks should lead to amazing productivity, right? Not necessarily. “There’s diminishing returns when you get to a certain total number of hours,” says Melissa Nightingale, co-author of the upcoming Unmanageable: Leadership Lessons from an Impossible Year. “The quality of work, the more hours you’re putting in—it sort of drops off a cliff.”